Galapagos Islands

The island is a tip of a sumerged volcano that rises76 meters above the sea level.genovesa is a very dry island with characteristics vegetation because of its isolated position.However it is a paradise for sea birds,including larges colonies of the red footed boobies and great frigate birds
This island was formed by five independent volcanoes that came together to form the largest of the islands and has the highest elevation as well. The northwest coast of the island is a sanctuary for whale,along with moderate hikes to Darwin Lake make this visit worthwile
It is the fouth largest island and has main volcano rises. All vegetation zones, from costal to humid are present. Santiago is one of the best islands to see fur seals and hawks
The colosal shield of Fernandina volcano reaches 1494 m and is still very active. Its vegetation,typical of arid zone is concentrated in "Kipukas" (small areas left untouched by recent lava). It also provides a broad variety of wildlife and volcanic features
The second largest of the Archipelago and colonized since the 1920's ,Puerto Ayora, the populated part of the island, is the most important harbor of the Archipelago. The headquarters of the Galapagos National Park and the Charles Darwin Station are located on Sta Cruz
This island is the result of an uplifting that raised the sea floor 259 meters above the sea level. The vegetation of the island is characterized by the presence of the largest species of the giant opuntia cactus
An island with a gentle landscape dominated by parasitic cones. If a volcano ever existed, it has eroded, long ago. It was the first inhabited island of the Archipelago where flamingos can be found
The island is relatively flat and some geologists describe the island as the remains of an eroded archaic volcano. The vegetation corresponds to arid and transition zones with the most spectacular sites and interesting wildlife
The southwestern half of this island is inhabited and is formed by an extinct volcano. The other half of the island,the northeastern part, contrast dramatically, with flat, dry and harsh environments. The San Cristobal Interpretation Center was donated by the Spanish government in 1998.



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Galapagos Islands
The Galapagos Archipelago consists of thirteen large islands, six smaller islands and over forty islets that have official names. Located on the Pacific Ocean, it is part of the Republic of Ecuador.

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Despite their tropical location, two moving currents affect the islands. The cold Humboldt Current, the cool and dry garúa season (The Humboldt Current) from July to December and the warm marine Panama Current which produces the warm and wet season from January to June.
Galapagos Islands
Galapagos Islands Galapagos Islands
When the tips of the Galapagos volcanoes first appeared above the sea surface, some three to five million years ago, they were isolated from life. We will never know how colonization occurred, what we do know is that one thousand kilometers separate the Galapagos from the mainland and despite this barrier, a number of species have made it to the islands. Of course, species are present due to their capacity to disperse, whether actively or passively, but also their ability to establish themselves after arrival.
The Galapagos Islands are located on one of the most active volcanic regions on earth: the Nazca Plate. This plate moves eastward towards South America because of the spreading of the sea floor, at a rate of 7 cm/yr. This plate moves over a stationary area of intense heat or "hot spot" which "builds" the islands. Thus, the oldest part of the Archipielago is found at the east of the cluster.

Ever changing Galapagos |